: Northern Russia and Siberia.
Nordic Kennel Union (NKU).
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF
THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD
: Sledge- and companion dog.
: Group 5 Spitz and primitive types.
Section 1 Nordic
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY
: The name Samoyed derives from the Samoyed Tribes in Northern Russia and
Siberia. In Southern parts of the area they used white, black and brown
parti-coloured dogs as reindeer herders ; in the northern parts the dogs
were pure white, had a mild temperament and were used as hunting- and
sledge dogs. The Samoyed dogs lived close to their owners, they even slept
within the shelters and were used as heaters. The British zoologist
Ernest Kilburn Scott spent three months among Samoyed Tribes in 1889.
Returning to England he brought with him a brown male puppy called
« Sabarka ». Later he imported a cream coloured bitch called « Whitey
Petchora » from the western side of the Urals and a snow white male called
« Musti » from Siberia. These few dogs and those brought by the explorers
are the base for the western Samoyed. The first standard was written in
England in 1909.
: Medium in size, elegant, a white Arctic Spitz. In appearence gives the
impression of power, endurance, charm, suppleness, dignity and
self-confidence. The expression, the so called « Samoyed Smile », is made
up of a combination of eye shape and position, and the slightly curved up
corners of the mouth. The sex should be clearly stamped.
: The length of the body is approximately 5% more than the height at
the withers. The depth of the body is slightly less than the half of the
height at the withers.
The muzzle is approximately as long as the skull.
Friendly, open, alert and lively.
The hunting instinct is very slight. Never shy nor aggressive. Very
social and cannot be used as guard dog.
Powerful and wedge-shaped.
: viewed from the front and in profile only slightly convex. Broadest
between the ears. Slightly visible furrow between the eyes.
: Clearly defined but not too prominent.
: Well developed, preferably
black. During some periods of the year the pigment of the nose can fade
to a so called « winter nose » ; there must however always be dark
pigment at the edges of the nose.
: Strong and deep, approximately as long as the skull, gradually tapering
towards the nose, neither snipey nor heavy and square. The bridge of the
nose is straight.
: Close fitting, black and rather full. The corners of the mouth are
slightly curved forming the characteristic « Samoyed Smile ».
Regular and complete scissor bite. The teeth and the jaws are strong.
: Dark brown in colour, well-set in the sockets, placed rather apart,
somewhat slanting and almond-shaped. The expression is « smiling », kind,
alert and intelligent. The eyerims are black.
: Erect, rather small, thick,
triangular and slightly rounded at the tips.
They should be mobile, set high ; due to the broad skull well apart.
: Strong and of medium length with a proud carriage.
: Slightly longer than the height at the withers, deep and compact but
: Clearly defined.
: Of medium length, muscular and straight ; in females slightly longer
than in males.
: Short, very strong and defined.
: Full, strong, muscular and slightly sloping.
: Broad, deep and long, reaching almost to the elbows. The ribs are well
: Moderate tuck-up.
: Set rather high. When the dog is alert and in motion the tail is
carried bent from the root forward
over the back or side, but may be hanging at rest, then reaching to the
: Well placed and muscular with strong bones. Viewed from the front
straight and parallel.
: Long, firm and sloping.
: Oblique and close to the body. Approximately as long as the shoulder.
: Close to the body.
: Strong but supple.
: Slightly oblique.
: Oval with long toes, flexible and pointing straight forward.
Toes arched and not too tightly knit. Elastics pads.
: Viewed from behind straight and parallel with very strong muscles.
: Of medium length, rather broad and muscular.
: Well angulated.
: Rather low and well angulated.
: Short, strong, vertical and parallel.
: As front feet. The dewclaws should be removed.
: Powerful, free and tireless in appearance with long stride. Good reach
in the forequarters
and good driving power in the hindquarters.
: Profuse, thick, flexible and dense polar coat. The Samoyed is a double
coated dog with short, soft and dense undercoat and longer, more harsh and
straight outer coat. The coat should form a ruff around the neck and
shoulders framing the head, especially in males. On head and on front of
legs, hair is short and smooth ; on outside of ears short, standing off
and smooth. Inside the ears should be well furred. On back of the thighs
the hair forms trousers. There should be a protective growth of hair
between the toes. The tail should be profusely covered with hair. The
coat of the female is often shorter and softer in texture than that of the
male. The correct coat texture should always have a special glistening
: Pure white, cream or white with biscuit. (The basic colour to be white
with a few biscuit markings.) Should never give the impression of being
Height at withers
: Ideal height : male 57 cm with a tolerance of